Gouvernement Princier de Monaco

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An undertaking at international level

A country mobilised by its Sovereign, H.S.H. Prince Albert II, to tackle the universal issue of the environment

At the initiative of H.S.H. Prince Albert II, the Prince's Government takes affirmative action to foster sustainable development in the Principality. Activities involve taking into account biodiversity, combating climate change, resource management, or tackling pollution.

The State departments make daily contributions, to implementing this policy through their work in servicing the public.

This commitment is also reflected in the Principality's international activities.

Monaco is involved in a number of international conventions relating to the environment and sustainable development, aimed at protecting geographical areas such as the Mediterranean Sea or the Alps, or concerning species in particular through its involvement at regional level:

  • Barcelona Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution, 16 February 1976
  • The France Italy and Monaco Agreement on the protection of Mediterranean coastal waters (RAMOGE), 10 May 1976
  • Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, 19 September 1979
  • Convention on the Protection of the Alps, 7 November 1991
  • Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats (EUROBATS), 4 December 1991
  • Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS), 24 November 1996
  • Tripartite Agreement pertaining to the creation of a sanctuary for marine mammals in the Mediterranean (PELAGOS), Monaco - France - Italy, 25 November 1999

Or by making a global commitment, in particular:

  • Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 3 March 1973
  • Bonn Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), 23 June 1979
  • Montego Bay Convention on the Law of the Sea, 10 December 1982
  • Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, 22 March 1985
  • Basel convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal, 22 March 1989
  • Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitats (RAMSAR), 2 February 1991 
  • Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents, 17 March 1992
  • Convention on Biological Diversity, 5 June 1992
  • Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) of 9 May 1992, with the Kyoto Protocol of 11 December 1997 and the Paris Agreement of 12 December 2015

Monaco also contributes to the Millennium Development Goals adopted by the United Nations in 2000.

The Principality is also home to international bodies dedicated to studying and preserving the environment. These include the Executive Secretariat of the ACCOBAMS Agreement and the RAMOGE Agreement, as well as the offices of the IAEA environmental laboratory and the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO).