Mobility is one of the central issues facing the Government because of how it affects both the sustainable development of the town and public health through its effect on air quality. It is also a driving force behind Monaco’s economic development.
Today, the aim is clear: to reduce traffic in the neighbourhoods of Monaco whilst maintaining the development of business activity, in a space shared by all.
The long-standing Government policy in this area has already had a considerable effect and can be summed up in two words: Balance and Regulation.
Equilibrium needs to be found between the different ways of moving across Monaco. Naturally more importance needs to be given to soft mobility.
Inventive urban transport
The Government is modernising the infrastructures and services of the Monaco Bus Company, by improving the quality of service (increase in frequency of public transport – night buses, evening buses, intermodal transport), and offering price incentives.
Next-generation data displays both in buses and at bus stops, allow buses to be tracked in real time.
Multimodal transport is gradually becoming a reality. By means of park-and-ride schemes, car drivers are incentivised to leave their vehicles upon entry to the Principality. The Carte Azur instituted in partnership with the Conseil Général des Alpes-Maritimes provincial council and valid on the Monegasque bus network enables passengers to travel in Monaco and throughout the neighbouring département. Furthermore, to supplement the travel options available, a self-service electric bike scheme offering 105 bikes at 17 locations has been developed, along with Mobee, a free-floating car sharing service with 25 electric vehicles.
TER trains running under Monegasque colours on the regional railway network
38,000 French and Italian employees come to work in the Principality every day. The purchase of 5 TER (regional express trains) carriages incorporated into the French regional railway network contributes to the transport of these passengers. Their frequency is one train every 15 minutes both in the morning and in the evening during rush hour.
Price incentives for public car parks
Under the Government's Action Plan, the car parks are to be adapted to the mobility of different categories of users (tenants of State-owned property, residents, workers coming from outside Monaco, and occasional visitors) and to favour the use of public transport and soft mobility. Since 2013, all car park subscribers have been able to take advantage of a €20/month reduction if they drive an electric or hybrid electric/petrol vehicle emitting less than 110 g/km of CO2.
The transport bundle that incorporates a parking subscription and a free annual bus season ticket or the preferential rate granted to those sharing cars are other notable initiatives.
As regards road signs, "dynamic car park markers" now enable the number of spaces available to be indicated for each area and for each car park.
The Principality now has more than 15,500 spaces in public car parks.
Smart pedestrian links
As regards soft mobility, the "amphitheatre" shaped topography of the territory has favoured a network which facilitates moving around the city on foot. There are now 33 automated pedestrian links, representing around 100 devices (lifts, escalators, etc.) that are free of charge and open 24 hours a day.
Monaco, pioneering the use of electric vehicles
The Government has a strong commitment to clean or low-pollution vehicles.
For more than twenty years, the Principality of Monaco has been a pioneer in awarding grants for electric vehicles, a measure that was extended in 2004 to hybrid electric vehicles.
Today, more than 1427 electric or hybrid vehicles, two- or four-wheeled, are used in the Principality by Government departments, businesses or individuals. This represents between 3,27% of the vehicle fleet registered in Monaco.
The State’s efforts to promote electric vehicles focus particularly on providing free access to more than 700 charging points in public car parks, and to fast and semi-fast charging points on public roads, as well as free annual car stickers and designated street parking.
Lastly, the Principality is a founding member of CITELEC, an association bringing together around 60 European towns with an interest in electric vehicles. It has chaired the association for six years.